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    Baby care

    With the birth of each child mothers have many questions on the care of the newborn by month. And rightly so! After all, the child's health from the conception up to the age of reason is completely dependent on their parents. Being in your tummy, the child was under heavy guard placenta, which protects it from viruses and infections.

    Baby care

    Hygienic care of the newborn child - this is where should now start your day. After the first few months your baby will be an intense period of adaptation to the environment, and daily hygiene to help the child overcome his painful.

    Baby care

    You, every day, wake up, go to the bathroom, wash my face, brush your teeth. A young child, as well as you need their morning toilet. This is not only personal care, and prevention of various skin diseases. Before you start spending your child morning toilet, wash your hands. Put the baby on the changing table, after covering it with a clean diaper. Unswathe child. Carefully inspect the skin folds.


Red rash in the groin and inner leg


In infancy the child is growing and expanding very rapidly, and in this age, is largely determined by its subsequent mental and physical development. GR organism is very susceptible to various external influences and diseases, and a child needs a particular care nursing. Height and aging body weightiness increase during the first year of life, but the evolution rate gradually decreases. At the age of 1 - 3 m.. Growth increases each month for 3 cm, 4 - 6 months. - 2, 5 cm, 7 - 9 m.. - 1, 5 - 2 centimeter, 02 - 12 m.. - 1 cm on average in the first mountain life Aging body length is increased by 25 cm, reaching 75 centimeters Body weightiness, gradually growing, in 4 - 5 months. Doubles, triples by 1 year and an average of up to 23 kg. Anatomical and physiological characteristics. In infants, the facial skin delicate, easily vulnerable. Horny layer of the epidermis is thin and poorly keratinized, granular layer is weak. The dermis is predominantly cell structure (adult fibrous). Not fully cultured ducts of sweat glands. Sweating in the first year of life is doubled, but it is often inadequate and may be observed at lower temperatures. Apocrine sweat glands are not functioning. Resorption property of the skin is increased. Thin hair evolution is retarded, the thickness gradually increases (from an average of 0, 06 mm at childbirth to 0, 08 mm to 1 year). Subcutaneous fat mass in GR intensively increasing, and in this age is quite active processes hyperplasia (increased) fat cells. The weightiness ratio of subcutaneous fat to aging body weight than grown-ups. The capacity of fat in the subcutaneous fat is increased to 35, 5% at birth to 56% (by the end of the first year of life). In bone tissue GR contains less minerals than grown-ups. Periosteum is thicker, functionally active and involved in the newly formed bone tissue. With age in the sequence appear points of ossification, a gradual accumulation of calcium in the bones, they get harder. The content of calcium in the skeleton of the first year of life increased approximately 3 1/2 times (from 28 to 100 g). The 3 - 4 m.. Gradually sealed joints between the bones of the skull. Small fontanelle (Fig. 1, b) close at 4 - 8 sennight later birth, a great fontanelle (Fig. 1 a), so a rule, by the end of the first year of life. In the spine begin to shape physiological bends: cervical (later the appearance of the ability to keep your head), chest (with 6 - 7 m.., When the child starts to sit), lumbar (after 9 - 12 months.). The chest has a barrel-similar anatomy, the edges are horizontal. At 6 - 8-month infant teeth start to erupt. One year old kid should possess 8 teeth. In approximately children, teething can be accompanied by anxiety, malaise, insomnia, and a slight increase in aging body temp and the appearance of fluent faeces. The muscular system is developed by GR is yet not enough muscle mass in relation to aging body weightiness is much less than in grown-ups. After birth, there is an increase in muscle tone, mainly flexors. Muscle tone in the upper extremities is normalized to a 2 - 2 1/2 m.., Lower extremities - to 3 - 4 m.., And therefore disappears characteristic pose with bent legs. Nasal passages in GR relatively narrow, the mucous membrane of their tender with lots of blood and lymphatic vessels. Cavernous portion of submucosal tissue of the nose is not sufficiently educated. Poorly cultured lymphoid tissue of the pharynx. The larynx is narrow, and the mucous membrane soft, richly supplied with blood. Trachea funnel, elastic fabric of her is weak, soft cartilaginous rings. The bronchi are formed, their narrow lumen, underdeveloped muscle and elastic fibers. Lightness weightiness is doubled to 6 m.., To 1 year tripled. Elastic tissue of the lungs is poorly cultured. By increasing the number of alveolar respiratory surface of the lungs increases in the first year in 4 times, minute ventilation - from 635 to 2200 centimeters 3. Compared with newborn infants depth of breathing is increased by the development of acini (lobules) of the lungs, but still retains the abdominal breathing type. Its frequency gradually slows: the number of breaths in 1 minute up to 3 months. Is 25 - 45, 4 - 6 months. - 35 - 25-30, 7 - 12 m.. - 30 - 35. Normally, little ones under 1 year per wind accounts for some 3 beats of the pulse.

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baby, birth, care, child care, mamma